It was originally designed by the Dubai Municipality to cut the traffic of heavy vehicles from the downtown area. However, due to a very bad road infrastructure in Sharjah, traffic bottle-necks are often seen near Dubai–Sharjah border. In 2006 it was re-developed by RTA in Dubai, creating 6 lanes on each side.
In mid-2005, the road was extended to reach the UAE's northernmost emirate of Ras al-Khaimah, passing through the emirates of Ajman, Umm al-Quwain and Sharjah. There is also a project to extend the E 311 through Ras al-Khaimah to the UAE's northern border with Oman (Musandam Peninsula)